For this assignment, you will be working on finding evidence to help answer a clinical question using PICO(T) / PEO. Your group should already have a draft question that you previously worked on together.
Okay, so you have your clinical question: now what?
PICOT is not meant to be prescriptive, but is just a way to pull apart the main concepts of a clinical question. You should be able to extract search terms or concepts from each of your main points. For example:
For each major concept in your question, you should be able to pull out some search terms, as well as brainstorming other potential keywords. These could be synonyms, medical terminology, or controlled vocabulary used by a database (subject headings). We’ll talk more about subject headings in class, so don’t worry about that for now! At this point, just come to class with your PICOT question, and be ready to brainstorm with your group about keywords.
Patient or Problem = hypertension
KEYWORDS: hypertension, high blood pressure, hypertensive
Intervention = telemonitoring blood pressure
KEYWORDS: telemonitor, telemedicine, MeSH term is “Blood Pressure Monitoring, Ambulatory”
Comparison = n/a
Outcome = improve blood pressure
MeSH term is “Blood Pressure” (but if you are using terms for “telemonitoring blood pressure,” this is unnecessary).
Timeframe = within one year
one year, twelve months (searching for timeframes can be tricky -- this won't find studies that were less than 12 months! If your results are too limited, you can try removing this from your search).
or if you search everything in a single line:
Want to see an example in action? Check out the video below.
PICOT example begins at the 3:00 mark.