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Evidence-Based Practice: References

This guide will help you work through the process of Evidence-Based Practice.


Booth, A. (2006). Clear and present questions: Formulating questions for evidence based practice. Library Hi Tech, 24(3), 355-368. doi: 10.1108/07378830610692127

Conner, B.T. (2014). Differentiating research, evidence-based-practice, and quality improvement. American Nurse Today, 9(6). Retrieved from

Cooke, A., Smith, D., & Booth, A. (2012). Beyond PICO: The SPIDER tool for qualitative evidence synthesis. Quality Health Research, 22(10), 1435-1443. doi: 10.1177/1049732312452938

Garrad, J. (2007). Health sciences literature review made easy: The matrix method (2nd ed.). Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Koffel J. Understanding Research Study Design [Internet]. Twin Cities, MN: University of Minnesota. c2011 – [cited 2013, May 29]. Available from:

Lohr, K.N. (2004). Rating the strength of scientific evidence: Relevance for quality improvement programs. International Journal for Quality in Health Care. 16(1): 9-18.

Schardt, C. (2013). Evidence-Based Practice. Available from

Straus, S. E., Glasziou, P., Richardson, W. S., & Haynes, R. B. (2011). Evidence-based medicine: How to practice and teach it. Edinburgh : Elsevier Churchill Livingstone, 2011.

Weinfeld, J. M., & Finkelstein, K. (2005). How to answer your clinical questions more efficiently. Family Practice Management, 12(7), 37-41.